The Library of Congress is a renowned library housing its abundant collections in 3 buildings – James Madison Memorial Building, John Adams Building, and Thomas Jefferson Building. It is among the oldest federal institutions in addition to the US Congress’s research library. Consisting of millions of manuscripts, maps, books, photos, and records, this is actually the world’s largest library collection and is a priceless source of American history. The library operations are managed from the administrative section.
Established in the Capitol Building in the year 1800, the library facilitated research work conducted by Congress. President John Adams declared the building and also the first collections, worth $5000, consisted of legislation books sourced from England.
The contribution of Jefferson was invaluable during the formative years wherein he effectively regulated the operations and set in several significant processes in place visual and environmental studies. The first collection was destroyed in the year 1814 when the Capitol Building was invaded and the British soldiers set it on fire.
Thomas Jefferson donated his personal collection of books that he had gathered over a period of 50 years on various subjects like literature, science, and philosophy. This collection included several foreign language books. He had been paid more than $20,000 for a collection of more than 6,450 books.
Afterwards, Charles Coffin Jewett (Librarian of the Smithsonian Institution) and Joseph Henry (Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution) proposed two different strategies for the Development of this library. Joseph was successful in dismissing Charles and transferred the prized collection of more than 40,000 volumes from Smithsonian Institution to the Library of Congress.
In the year 1864, Ainsworth Rand Spofford took over as the librarian and considered in the doctrine of Jefferson which dealt with the universality notion and took efforts to bring in various collections of books from all topics. Due to his efforts, the library became a national institution.
Later, Spofford made it compulsory for those applicants of their US copyrights to send 2 copies of their work to the library. Soon, there was room as the library was completely flooded with channels, music, prints, books, and photos along with other rich collections thanks to which a new building was built in Italian Renaissance style and was called the Thomas Jefferson Building.